Developing favorite distribution mode of fresh food donations with grey relation analysis and TRIZ


  • Chih-Yung Wang
  • Tzong-Ru (Jiun-Shen) Lee
  • Ville Isoherranen
  • Shiou-Yu Chen



Fresh Food Donation, Distribution mode, disadvantaged groups, TRIZ, Grey relational analysis


Taiwan currently grapples with the intricate task of balancing its food supply and demand, resulting in the emergence of critical food surplus and waste issues. To address this pressing challenge, the government has turned to food donation initiatives led by public associations and private corporations to alleviate food waste concerns. Nevertheless, a significant obstacle remains in the form of the efficient and effective distribution of these fresh food donations from the supply side to the demand side. Therefore, this study aims to pioneer an innovative and optimized distribution model for fresh food donations employing TRIZ (Theory of Inventive Problem Solving) and grey relational analysis.

Through an in-depth analysis of questionnaire data gathered from the public, this research uncovers the most favored distribution model, namely, "Government-invited third-party logistics providers (3PLs) to voluntarily manage distribution services, alongside the provision of preferential subsidies or tax incentives." Building upon these findings, this study offers valuable recommendations for governmental agricultural authorities and other stakeholders within the fresh food donation supply chain, serving as a cornerstone for sustainable food management practices.